PM Transcripts

Transcripts from the Prime Ministers of Australia

Transcript 6927

SEECH BY THE PRIME MINISTER NANJING UNIVERSITY - 23 MAY 1986

Photo of Hawke, Robert

Hawke, Robert

Period of Service: 11/03/1983 to 20/12/1991

More information about Hawke, Robert on The National Archive website.

Release Date: 23/05/1986

Release Type: Speech

Transcript ID: 6927

~ CAI N T~ r C
j m! ' siVER 23 MAY 1986
0~ W1. I( YOU ' lAVE P AZT'i
Y 4' tTJA7TAEO PPOWRURNTAITY'Y T. T To TLk AT n-CS
T; rT.: 7tff % EITY, AN I.-: TI iiTF LEARNIG WITH WHICH AUSFIALIA
C 7I1 ' cCAxN EL SHALP. z CTOSE NANJING UNIVERSITY
FCH ! 4 CHANCA . GAMK. EMET S WITH FOUR UNIVERSITIES IN MY
A;. iL~ T~ v~ y' 2 CEx TO HOST VISITS TO AUSTRALIA IN
C . T V TX 7-7 7 T rNDN A ! vUMV. ER OF PROFESSORIAL
' AV X ANSION AND STRENGTHE*% NIG OF
1LTTLIA At C-SA. WHIC H rAVE ACCE L EATED IN
1 ANn -DU PuiZ Eu
7. 7 r-V 7 G : 3 84TH YEAR. SINCE THIS
N'c~ l C-ll . Z LY AY CONTRY IN:) THE IiS
2. Y A %' y> rC 0w U TRYN
-1 cl-' 7TN
A r[ f
7 A -f :; yL f7 A T~ CI, T S
TV? E LATE?" CAPTUR IN THS HZSORY CeN HAS
C TCTCOQ; ICR CHINAP: TOTr aUTAI TOR THE ACI-'-' CIFIC
CIA.\ E TC C'J-A: TAL9) TK hE 7L Ai
A-4 WATC CNWE R-COGNSE IS
rI"; 3 T7T PW' 7DAAR S S > AiN iN ATIYE ITS CO NCEPTIONf AND
7) Z7 -0 7 1 T -r c .4 A A ! Wl17 R IS
" I i-n U N E-E Z.
TA ' ECG' U
' mT-2 ~ c TEJ~ i THEA~ AS TR
C~~ I~~ IA WE' 2( A c-p3E TCVPR 7HSI YTR PLANA WHTICEFHSE
QUA~-fT E? L 7N: .7 a 1 CEN AD -12 PERCENT
Cu W 7-9> 2 CY INA A NOTi O0F CCOU ' SF.
-c . LVv I\ TN ' U NiDV LCSOLRFD
2T 7E' AREI. PicS7 Ii A U A LIA ElVYT H E VE$; GOOD START
C lNA H4AS JIADE WE AR ALSO COVSCIOUS THAT CHINA ITSELF SEES THIS
ON LY TYC-O__ 0PE NIN-G-SAG E I N A VF7 RY LON G T E. R7t pROC E SS. YOU HAVE THE
TA L OF QUADRUL NG OUTPJ I Y T> ET RN OF THE CENTURY. THAT WOULD
' RA rTEcUSACHrCFC L STILL, AS HAS BEEN SAIV OLTH
RsQCT kap. 1. t A
A T R1? I S NOT FCOR-THE EASIEST ATHLETIC r7EAT TO
*. 12/

SJ 124C:
A'COMPLISH. WE ARE ALL REALISTS-~ EKNOW THAT PLANNING SOMrETHING IS
DLIcF7RENT FROM. ACC N6 IT T E c'' NTRY WITH THE OLDEST
CTNUIOS HIST-ORY AND CITVILISATION IN TH-E WORLD, CHINA HAS FAR TO')
jecH WISOM TO FAIL TO UNDSEzSTAND HOW EVENTS AND Ci-RCUMSTANCES WILL
NECESSARILY COMPEL AfDJUSTMEN7S To EVEN THE BEST LAID PLANS. THE
ACHIEVEMENT OF LCONOMIC GROWTH AND DEVELOIPMENT INEVITABELY INVOLVES
THE UNCERTAINTY AND SOMIETIMES THE AGONY OF CONSTANTLY READJUSTING ANDDEVELOPING
POLICY 10O MEET NEW CIRCUMSTANCES AND PROBLEMS.
AS A POLITICAL PRACTITIONER T KNIw THIS WELL. AND I AM AWARE
T?-AT CHINA HAS ENCoUNTERED PROBLEMS IN SUCH AREAS AS TH-' E BALANCE OF
S~ THE AV. ATIAOIL. T F O-EG EX CHANGE AND CoNRLO
3 S; INOW 1,41 T7HE LE ADcRG i CHINA. I i\ NOW THEIR
T4ATI: To SURmi0UNT THESE SECONOM1IC DIFFICULTIES AND THE
S, R G 0~ F R rE 1. C M, IT MlE NT oU TH DCE RN ISA T I) N R0 CE SS THIS
cP7~ T O URG " V~ AI DISCUSSIONS IN 2BEIJIN\ Gj IN
C E~ G~ U A E 11.1; NAN~ JING. ThEc VIEION 100ERNISA TIoN ISC-
". EC EhAhE SEEEN AS SUSTAI ~ FO1T)
7l V Ai~ E A
U L_ Z4A~ A j/ k: Io p MEN C-iI\ T%! A S. Lm PE' Y A~ MATTER
IEj, co N03A9Yo~ GRESS AS DETAC. HED
V~ FO ; CS ECAUSE W A. 3
C. OAkR T ( K AN ; 7E2AOV E THE CAPABILITY
8J T-l Kk,! T~ A AC7.
qA tW4 HI 9T 5 7 TE: O
Tu x AREST T~ DN
AN C_ EATIoNG
IT; PN: D SNT A -l COUNTRIES.
SPECIAL I N ITSEL
T C RTAGT~
O\ C WE ARE C! C, 7G0-02 ; 1i7 I
7A-IL: 3T:~ xVAC STN~ Il U ,5 : 7 C, SlZ * J AtT~ 7 1T TA w H
A L C~ AuT4~. ? UL UAO T-' L
7~ V ON
% I r C'LRL. 7 CIE G7 . -nCN
AN\ AT b 07 7 c J; U
eUTALA L7~ CHNA IS; VER A WE RA~ CT EYN OT TER
S CCA7ET IODU R CAIA 7rCEI T IF ArE TOUDESAN
CTN7 7U NA C7 2ROlERY X T~ OL F TIOH IAA" vE TRE
CO A& uR Nu u'I. NScj~ PCœ Z BTCe. CE TT
* M~ SY 7ASL~ AS\ 1 E P, E~ O~ CLA OIN A. TIO
OrN MOST')~ TEOAAT -UT l APRATS FOR~ VThISOR WH OCMACT E EOXTETU O
/ 3

M VTS: T Sy-2. oLISESc MY GOVERNMENT'S AWARENESS OF THE
1. P OR AC tC: TH . ORNSAT 1ON TAKI NG FLA CF HE RE A'-D THE
THAT FOR OUR RELATIONSHIP.
IT TAK ES ONLY A GLANCE AT THE MAP AND THE READING OF ANY
STANDARD REFERENCE TO SEE THAT WE ARE AT DIFFERENJ ENDS OF THE
kcESTERN PACIFIC OCEANv THAT WE HAVE DIFFERENT POLITICAL AND CULTURAL
TRADITIONS, AND THAT OUR ECONOMIES CONTRAST IN CERTAIN FUNDAMENTAL
RESFECTS. NEVERTHELESS WE DO OCCUPY THE SAME GENERAL REGION OF THE
WORLD. O) UR D: 7FFERENT SYSTEMS Do) NOT MEAN! THiAT OUR PEOPLES HAVE
7~ CE E APRATIONS FOR SECURITTY AND FOR A BETTER LIFE. AND OUR
c Q rr " T ECON( STRU1CTURES ARE ACTUALLY A SOURCc OF STRENGTH
0 i : z A7ERA! PAR,, LE SH 1,.
~ A ~ vYFEW ER PEOPLE TH-AN,, C~ iNA BUT! v AT THE SAME
A ~ UC~ i PR CAPTIA ENDOWMENT O ROUCS
HAVYT TECiH'J>_;_.) GiCA;_ SKILLS INDUSTRIAL CAPABLMIES. THESE
F AC TO~ EHANCE OUR P07 NTIAL 1I!' PORTANCE TO EACH OTHER. AUSTRALIA
7; ~ OSE1 7OED TO0i ~ A HE IMPOR T A NT CON7RTB2U-ON To THE
T SAAT'. x T IE FIV~ YE .7 AN) A. ND BEYoNG. THIS
cON-:: fC; c' S AE NO(. T QLy 7HRO1H T R L) T. BUAL S T GH
.& VEES. S TRMCEYN I EA CH OT HER'I S I N I) U STR 1E S TCN: CAL Co-
7E. E9AN T T Ci! A K rE.( PtZ ; N A':: zS S-_ A NC E
E; M14 XAAC. RN OI 13 A'LREAD VE DE,\' I7 2 1 ,; iE PA-' TERNI
> M S' 7 u Y. ARA S T' T OUR EXPO(' RTS WcERE WOOL,
> ONAOU~ AM~; ~ I~. HEMAOR 8INCHlINA' S; EXPO RTS TO US
WERTE i :-js; r UCArC-UUUDEuSi -AZ EX-Tl
777 P A'T OUR TWO CO'; q TE ARE C~ lHN7LED
_ N" PEASF TN ' AY RD AS7 YEAP
3 8P C S. 7 poCT-s y T:: E 007LJTo'\ CCo N 1C RrLA7: O0,
-: 7C r~_ AYAC7AD L~ g
RilE rS 1 A.-c OR t) PEbT NO' SO0
r F'U: FT17 oRR,:. T : Y TiS-iS A UL 1
l N: j C ) f7 C. I I~ T I Ok Y -7 T 7C I SE SE iZ 7; IT T
A TiC_ ' R. i A. P5THC GO" PCH 7: F -7
T% A TAV~ T VT. C~ TOA~. Ti
A, 9 TXr ' N yC3A 7 Vc QW AS LAS E,(
THYE MOfS DY P TVNE IN CHY AN YEARTT THR THE
RROCr-Sci WE WANTr CONTRI-, UT THAT PROCESS..
WE 0~ () OLICY mODERNISATION AS -LOSELY CONNECTE:: D TO YOUR
pUolE y OF7 oOPpENt -% 9 THE OPENING OF S DOOR TO THCE
14

OUTSIDE WORLD IS A MARK OF YOUR CONFIDENCE AS A GREAT PEOPLE
TmAT YOU CAN S0TH DRAW BENEFITS FROM OTHER COUNTRIES AND G:-IVE
2> EFITS ACK TO THEM. IT WAS MOST WLELCOME TO US THATPRMEZAO
IN HIS SPEECH ON THE SEVENTH FIVE YEAR PLAN AT'jT HE NATIONAL
PEOPLE'S CO) NGRESS IN MARCHi STRONGLY REAFFIRMED CHINA'S COMMITMENT
TO THIS PO'LICY. WE WISH YOU SUCCESS IN CONSLIDATING MAJOR
ECONOMIC REFORMS MADE TO DATE, AND WE LOOK FORWARD TO THE
CO. NTINUATION OF THE PROCESS OF MAKING THE CHINESE ECONOMY MORE
RE_ S PONSIVE AND MORE OUTWARD LOOKING.
YOU CAN BE SURE THAT1 AUSTRALIAN POLICY WILL. REMAIN THE POLICY
0: TE OiEPN_ DOO0R AS WE LL THE IMPORTANCE To MY COUNTRY OF FOREIGN
Mt. ARL \ E: S OVERSFE75 CAPITALi AS ' WELL AS T7E VERY CLOSE* BOINDS
F! U. r. ED OV T~ MGhA7TON,' fr-TODAY'S AUS73ALIA INTERNA TIONALIST RY
N TU N A 0~ 7 7 c-C A ND INT EL LI. G ENT C o-0P E R ATIo N B AcE D
j\ 32LE N 7 T 1 OU RTC KN IC AL S KI L!_ S AN NATURAL RESOURCES
' AN 2 E 1 AuE A VA 1L A E TF C 0UNI R 1ESE T HA T l\' E E D TH E M
ATTH_ " 4 W_ RcEA'! S= E THAT OUR SMALLER ECONOMY CANNOT DO
CAN DR. W FROM OTHER COUNTRIES' SPECIALISED
U r'UT S t4I C LA r CA! 2NC pr t iC FC Tf-1.\ 1V CO R OREVS
CA N ALIS 1 1 RA ( uR C ER C0J-\ T~ iEcE' PRO'DUCTS WHICH ARE DEST MADE
LAhEA;; C'VS A2. UR. SUJCH Cc--OERA~ l IN, SOCR IWHICH
ERLA TiU. hAR : UA L.-,\ EAj n4AKzS BOTH. COU; NTR1ES
V E P2OC! I C l-1 E VISIOP" OF M( fc', R,\ JSAT ION. BUT A L! L
Y~: O r F UU SIMPLY EECALJSE
' C:? zE _ HV ER _ 7 RA T CINS3YE TATT HPE is UIAN
1. AS : 7 7ET71A A7L. O~ CIA
S -3A L 1.4 b ~ YV L V S S G, OU R RE CE S. SVEN
U2ATZ C;~. LO7 ' jv.: t) c* 3NA T 0N ' EC No C)
0% : Y. TIG STu~ 1T IN\ PL AC: 7 z* 1 PATTE RN S 0g
IO AT ARE T AN~ i 0U 7A-L RD OF 1IYING N
P C NG WORLD~, Wi~-O) W THAT IWE TOO MUST JST AND RESTRUCTURE.
3A,; 7 T C SO ORDNER TODIVERS. F . SR'ASœ OOYASDT
A A' S Y TO( T r .4D E 44' Q L: IT ~ C WITh. TrHE WoRL D I N
PP RCDU) C AN D 3, E RIk) CS
~ c -c) R: A ARE I " 7 1 PURS IN E
-LE r -i ENHANC 7N6I A CCO'! NR'
CuE_ T HE ; 40RLD ECONOMIC AND tPOLiTTICA SS T A GE. oN THI1S
AG-C1-I NA CA \% j -5RE:~ C Rr* IO'NL Y B EC O ME A ST GR:_ TT HR PL AYER.
YT'N S AT SC O d'STOlR COCN7 i-R"' C A~ C C IC; ASINCL _ X -_ ND ' EYi) NI'D MATTERZS
7 r-11 ANALA: . lET 1) R 0.7-ADN TINA
HV, v NCA ' I' 1 S SU v-17D. I NG5 7 NATE fRA
' ENNAT L ( I C A lYL VEM'. ! NTERNAT IO( NAL F" RUS
TI r~~. ENPYSE R\ AT : 1 I T3' YA 2 TYCi C. L; Q. R T y~_ T
A. V 0' Y u ZuL 7 ANj c ER ZT I c TL S Z'S PE7R-IT A vE. RY
C REI-ONSHIP TO E. C SUS TA EVEN WHE -IE AUST RAL IA AN D CH INA
A IF E R EN T p -RE PECC T V FS ON A PARTICULAR NTERNATIONAL OR
REGlONAL ISSUE.
PREMIER ZHAO HAS SAID THAT THW WHOLE WORLD IS CONFRONGED WITH
7" WO MAJO'. R CHALLENGcESs To tIA: NTAIN PEACE AND TO PROMOTE DEVELOPMENT.
O.' 4 T IS IUADM? NSTO~ L UTEL'Y AGREE.
HO'vW CAN EITHER AUSTRALIA'S ASPIRATIONS OR CHINA'S VISIONS BE
U -f A.

REiALISED IN A WORLD WHICH IS NOT AT PEACE?
FURTHERmt* i ' N A NUCLEAR WORLD IT IS AN OBVIOUS BUT VITALLY
U'MPRTANT TRUTH THAT CONFLICT COULD MEAN NOT JUST A TEMPRARY SETBACK
TO SOME OF O1UR HOPES, BUT THE ' LITERAL OBLITERATION OF ALL OUR HOPES.
T:-iERE-MUST THEREFORE BE INTERNATIONAL STABILITY. THERE MUST 2EE
AROMS CONTROL AND THERE M1UST ULTIMATELY BE DISARMAMENT. THOSE ARE
CqUCIAL OBJECTIVES WHICH CHINA AND AUSTRALIA SHARE.
MY GOVERNMENT HAS NEVER ACCEPTED THAT PE-ACE IS AN ISSUE OF
LEGITIMATE INTEREST ONLY TO THE BIG POWERS OR THAT OTHERS CANNOT
; J IDEAS AND EXERT INFLUENCE. INDEED MY GOVERNMENT HAS MADE A
E7FFORT To DO JUST THIS. THROUGH A RANGE OF POLICIES9
T C JMDNG ADVOCACY A COrPREHEN3-IVE NUCLEAR TEST BAN, AUSTRALIA
h-ACT: V'EY SoUjGHT A iltRE 5TABLEC AND SECURE7 ENVIRONMENT AND TO)
CO'~~'~ PROGRESS TOWA. RDS [ ITSARMAiMENT.
E T, S 3~ i S'ic , COUNT-RIES WITH NUCLEAR WEAPONS, INCLUDING
C-! IA, AS HAVI,\ G SPEC' AL RESPONSISILITIES TO CONTAIN AND WIND BACK
, c TH VE371CAL AN" H03LO" T ?'. OLI* ERATION OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS.
C' A RH" DES: HGOWNG RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN OUR
T~ C Y~~ A ~ E 9~ S; HS VITAL ISUS MUCH MORE
: GULARLY AN-U GR EP. TH AN PE-oRE.
AP: EA a EP~ C C _ J] N A HAS GIVEN THE INITIA ; V TAKEN
z i IuN 7 -SI'C, TCE AUSTRAIA-INCLUDED9 TO ES _ A P, I SH
soT'. AC~ C~ 7V 5,~ AAESTAELISI-A SOU-rH PAC7' FIC
L2:. . lœ rY HIHAS BEEN NEGOT7-IA! E) WAS
. T Y lV THE7. SOU Tk PACIFIC FORUM,' AND HiAS
F~ Y TFTEH REE. HRISN
C' T:--~~ AA IN 4~ xxG E PSOTVEAPPROACH IT PAS hAS
' 7 C~ WjU 7E7 E2 õ VE. TEN ME( S TE OTH
TRi y:
7 -N7. cEAA' : AS: I3C NIFICAN-T ACHIEVEM'ENT AS
C" -Ri3IJ71IN TO SECURITYA
I: U REGIO0 N.
7 i~ r~ T H:-E iN I SC-W oRH LD CO0M M UNI TY HA S OC . S S E
AT -77 V: 7ARS, ECO" U;' f .' O õ P'ENTi S. ITIA Ti7L Y CON D
-AC. 1D'CK EN4 MAE I0 -T~ HREU LP OSITION OF m
: 1? T ION OF REATIV!-
v.' E L1T07 3 0 N H-iE PAR3T OF MANY OF THoSE COUNTRAE
E, e I~ yS ! N CO SULSTITUTE F~ OR TIA IAI
IC C. TNA* S H A I
SI( C SC7 E7 TT G R0 W T -AS STAYE,-AHEA' O
i Ax.. ' TA: ETO~ ~ TH OL IHT-RAt-7C
7 i A A R' IC A NEEXESS UCH REMAINS _ 3C
i ;% 7GT A5 O~ ENV1YO0\ . NT HAS MA,-IE I T 0
cl;* Y h A 7T" 4E-S C H EH GR OW H TARGETS THEY
REL~ AT IoNS oOTR. E A,\ 4D S,' J THL M U S7 BE B A SE D-ON B, O) T HULCO N G
R P IJ ~ C A~ L CnCICGœ( E) NT AN E 01' No IC GOOD SENSE. AUST.-ALIAN
P: ThICY RECOGNISc THE IMPORTANCE OF A1i~) AND WE PROVIDE IT. BUT
IxC7 ALSO1 RECOCNIISE T. HAT THIS IS NOT ENOUGH.
T: RADE IS A CIONTRIBUTOR TO GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT. THIS
I 5N ' A;('~ CVOIANMCES RNED THAT WE MUST RESIST PR'SSURE. S
OR ROEIO: MAN-tc W IY 1 INSIST TIHAT INTERNATIONAL NEGOTIATIONS
PASEC)-O" N SECURING AN OPEN TRADING SYSTEM. / 6

BJ1284U
AGL-ADjUSTMENT IN THE DEVELOPED COU",, TRI7S IS I. PORTANTi
PARTICULARLY IN THOSE SECTORS WHERE DEVELO PINGj CO-UNTRIES HAVE A
REAL CHANCE OF GAINING MARKETS BECAUSE OF THEIR COMPARATIVE
ADVANTAGE. INVESTMEN-IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES NEEDS TO: BE PURSUED
WITH VIGOUR BY THOSE COUNTRIES WHICH ARE CAPITAL EXPORTERS.
AS THE FIVE PRINCIPLES O F CHINA'S FOREIGN POLICY RECOGNISEi AND
AS THE CHARTER OF THE UNITED NATIONS DOES ALSOi A WORLD ORDER
eASED ON NORMS OF BEHAVIOUR FOR ALL COUNTRIESi GREAT AND SMALLi
D"~_~~ ADDEVELOPING WILL BE BETTER THAN ONE BASED ON NAKED
PotW. C* R A) FE,,, R OF THA T P! O'WE-R. CHINA AND AUSTRALIA ARE IN FUNDAMENTAL
0O. 1 \ 1ETTH IS. WLL-SPR-L: FO 3 SUCH NCl,. AS OF l,'\ TcRNATILONAL
CO'I~ s H COMMON DESIRE FOR PEACEi SEC"-URITY AND A BETTER LIFE
il. A-TCH U'MAN BEINMIS SHARE AND WHICH TRANSCZeN%,,' IDEOLOGICAL
CLE \ CEL WE CANN\ OT IN TH FCEO PTEYAL DANGERS BE NAIVE
> ORFREIG OR O UP. MEENCE POLICIES BUT tE MUST RETAIN OUR
IDEA". IF PE-AC'E-AND DEVELOPMENT ARE To BE FURTHERE-D OVER THE LONG
1 r~ v CO~ UNTh~ R ' C %-. HAVE I NTENSE POL IT ICAL DIALOGUE ON MAY ISSUES,
EJT 7E 11E 19S A H A30 ER N 0OF FOREIGN PO) LITCY PRINCIPLES
C-t OJLD SAY AQE 2 YOND PARTISAN DEBATE. i'NE OF THEM', IS THE
: 0 0K~~ S 34A U 17177A C'E ZN UR VIEW Cl7T;-4E WO0" L D, ON A SI A
YC U., 7R Y~ TH-R EG IN KC-' A U ST.' A A A ND CHITN A
A IN t-1. T1ITCE~ Lht -I~ T R S IE JR AI-LY C. E N GN
N DCDJ~ IAL DYAI. L iAVE PEEN
C ONS N f ) R T YYE AR S RQ77EI T(" j LLC ER
CUNFL. F T '~ WA DiTELAE A5A: 70' S. I
TPE U~ T~( I ITjIGUO ( 7UIYC-UA
FC i~ in C CR0,.-TH RA7r'C Ac E'~ E a ASIAN
. T S. HAS BFN SUCCESSFUL NTTT( N-ULDGAMG
A~ lN IENDS WITH7 TH oMATIO :' IF ) SA. PSTc:~
r: AL 7VA -2 1 y -F MTCC2 ( r. 0 IpGT7 NSAT'I2T) U ' rl0N;\ J LD. NG
3~ UT IN TH SOiUTH PACFW AS.> R ISDC AS
f A c': Sx T AT 10 C ' Orl 7RATO I N A OF F(, R U
~ S7 RA L 1A A N-D C H N .4 4\ O A 7 -7T LL AR~ EAS
' HE REGION.
C Th E GOA L Cl U 7 ZV'F fC;~ I N DC ;
C-~ 3~ AE ' O 7 r NJE: TTA;, C:-L LFc' AN, 0 L>( A YOUt
AITAL TA S A RO0ACH A SF BEEN T XLiEA'T':,)-PEACE-UL
L I'T S-E TT L o T'-, SE P F! S i NOF:)~ AI
A~? T Y PPARR CE. SUSCI E NC E T SS IE -AlT. UININ THE
IN EA. PL'EASED TO SEE THEICRHAS r, NTACTrS THPAT A REC INOW
TA> LA EEL7 7 TU EOCRA T IC PCO L F' S P. E PU P; IC O F KC RE A A ND1
R, ? LC O ST: L-; N T P RE E 0 TE ST. ON. H7FOUR -, 1wo COUNTRIES START FROM
DATEREx-T P7URSPECT IVES~ tUT-WE S'URELY '-; AVE A COMMON INTEREST IN
A RcF -AXATIO'N OF TENSIONS ON T1HE PENINSULA.
IN THE SOUTH PACIFIC9 THE CHALLENGE OF THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
O: 77 SMALL IScLAN,, D STATES REMAINS AND THERE ARE SOME UNCERTAINTIES
A". OUT PfO!_ I1CAI STABILITYv FOR EXAMPLE IN NEW CALEDONIA.
AGAINST THIS BACKGROUND1 AUSTRALIA TRIES IN ITS DIPLOMACY AND
IN' OUR CO-OPFRATIVE PROGRAMSB IN THE REGION To BE A CONSTRUCTIVE
' C
~ l . q ' t~ lffl-S t'i / 7a.
I

7-o 13J -12840
INFLUENCE. WE ARE ACTIVELY DEVELOPING OUR LRLATIoNS WTHF FRIENDLY
COUNTRI-Si INCLUDIING CHINAi AND WITH REGI( A;., AL ORGANISATIONS. WE
CIVE A. ID AND WE ENCOURA. E TRADE THROUGH ACCESS To TlHE AUSTRALIAN
MARKET. WE SEEKi AS I HAVE SAID, TO CONTRIBUTE TO POLITICAL
STABILITY AND TO IMPROVE7D REGIONAL SECURIT-Y.
MY GOVERNMENT FULLY SUPPORTS THE SINO-BRITISH AGREEMENT ON HONG
KONG AND WE LOOK FORWARD TO THE SMOOTH IMPLEMENTATION OF THE
AGREEMENT IN A WAY THAT TNCREASES PROSPERITY IN HONG KONG AND
STRENGTHENS THE PEOPLE OF HONG KONG'S CONFIDENCE IN THEIR FUTURE
AS A PART OF CHINA. WE LOOK FORWARD, ToOO To THE DAY WHEN THE
CHINESE PEOPLE OIN BOTH SIDE-) S OF THE STRAITS OF TAIWAN CAN BE
R'*: UNITE97 AS A RESULT OF PEACEFUL NEEl-OTIATIONS EETWEEN THEMI.
WE REGARD THE TA7WAN QUES--TION AS AN, TENLAFIOFCN.
PEACEFUL SETTLEMEN-V7' T OF THE7SE ISSUES WILL FURTHER ENHANCE STABILITY
IN THE ASIA-PAClFL* C REGION4.
BEYOND PARTICUI A. ("' cOJS T P ECTAL INTEREST TO CHINA,
AUSTRALIIA' S HOPE I S O W CC:) NTINUE-TO) P AYASRN
Co NS rRUCTIVE ROLE I REIONAL AFFAIRS GENERAL LY.
I : AVE7 ' T 1) Vil 70( AY AS THE LEADER ( 7 Y GOVERNMENT BUTT
T E T" HEc-V17 T A T A C. TRxG PO) S ITI VE A ND ENUR I NG REZL A TIONS-HIP
ST GOC3 vYo~ 1 0TCAL 4 1D TrR AD E CONN E CTIONE HOWE VER GOO0 D
T-S: 1AY SE T ES VcRY FoUNATFOR A RICH AND
i. ASTIN CEA~ DEI : IL7LE 0 h ( REA'T; ST'D IVERScI TY OF F9RINDLY
S S AT ALiL LE V E I-Ax! f ALL '-IEl-DSi EWE THE PEOPLES OF OUR
WjAO jcTIA3 N EXC17: N G OR S REC7' T, 1. S I S. OUR FOREIGN
MrkIENEITcS:': 2 ATUC 0, AU R 1 .4N, T. iC CH I N. A WE LL WA HEN
0~ s TT-3A 7 N 141AF A-N EN COU4T E WITiH THI-S 7NIO~: s
~ CIxUTL u~ CULTUR~ E LW-CH ~ TRUST ING IT
G P S -PCE: 1) p Z-TTJ O 2. U C-EXCLEIVE ROL
~~ A~ hATATING~~ L CO ATCHTE~ R : TUPC ! LOSE TrO " C-000
A; lST 3 L 1AN S C AtNEz TC C -jI A J. AS T Y EA, TOI SEE FOR THEMSELVES TI's
YfxAc ACN ~ T wE ENCo,. URAGE) AND CHINlA LELCCMESE
' SC EVC 0FC1T0: i( AIF tUSTRA: AA HAS AGREEMENT=-C,-iINA
FO X~ AGE~: SINC N TCV: OY ' i~., vDCATION, I THE
~ EA A. A. AGC. F%~ THE; E EX C!-4N C ? IRC RAMS MAi E A Vlr'
THROUI ~ TVV: II1 OF EXCHAPNj E D UT ALSO THROUGH THE
r RECT 2P RSS CONA'S TH ~ S ES T AD L TCZ:
I nESS R) CE Cr N AL-SOP A 0~ 7~ AC C NA
Eh C. PcE, 7: 7 C -I N S. S AAUN A; A foA N'Y (' F
Fi-GR'; AT-DE. EECURE . OFF* ICIAL . Jr\ D
~ TAS 1 E.: TWEEN ATLEAST USTRALIAN UIEITIES
A. L C0 LEE 3 F AD0V AN C ED E DUC AT7 I oN A N CUN E E T E RTI AR -Y
TUTIOI~ NJCS LUDNG THIS GREAT UrINIVERSITY. TEEAE1
AUSTRALIAN STUIDENTS STUDYING IN CHINESE UNIVERSITIES UNDER FULL
GOVERNIMENT SCHOiLARSH: i: PlS. THERE 20 MORE GOVERNMENT SPONSORED
SELF-FUNIDED AUSTRIA i7AN STUDENTS AND A SMALLER NUMBER OF TOTALLY
FRIVATE STUDENTS. THESE NUMBERS IN BOTH DIRECTIONS ARE FAR TOO
~ A~ L EWANIL SE~ ORINGTC) ETHER To ACHIEVE A SIGNIFICANT
tN7 E CIuA LO4 TC) IT HE AUSTRALIA& Nj MINISTER
E D UC AT-7 LL B-TAIKING UP THIS ISSUE DURING HER VI-T TO CHINA
I! N EETE ThIS YEAR. / 8

W LLL At>) 71! LIE TO INCREACT CONTACTS SET'W'EEN AUSTRALIAN AND
C'INESE AC A> lC S THE STUDY OF CHINESE LANGUAGE, HISTORY AND
SOCIETY IS INCREASING IN AUSTRALIA, AND IT IS PLEASING TO NOTE THE
OCYC(-) OMENr OF AUSTRAL: AN STUDIES PROGRAMS IN SEVERAL LEADING CHINESE
UNIVERSITIES. THERE ARE MANY OBVIOUS AREAS OF MUTUAL INTEREST FOR
RLCEARCH INCLUDING THOSE ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL ISSUES FACING ASIA
At\ D THE PACIFIC TO WHCH I REFERRED EARLIER.
I WANT ALSO TO MENTION EXCHANGES TAKING PLACE IN OTHER
3CECIALISir AREAS.
A uzCA; XC~ AkCC ThGRAM WAS ESTAT. EED Ix 1984 TO POIMOTE
SCT: RNiiT i, 7, AL UNDERSTANDING OF EACH COUNTRY'S LEGAL SYSTElMs
I STTiJTC: 6y AND uAl. S. T: S IS OF ENORMOUS RELEVANCE AT A TIME
WE, C4T NA 7S O: 7CUSING ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF ITS OWN LEGAL FRAMEWORS
AND " CAL EDUCATION. rIclA. CTCINCE AND TEC'iNOLOGY AGREEENT SIGNED
I 119: iD CU2ELCW 7C%> 7NTS PT ET N T-E AUSTRA'IAN AND
C-A.-U ADEYIS OCF Cœ EVNC Ou; R SCiENrTISTS -I. AVE œ 0Ec WORKiNfjG
TIGET--A DL AX3E7, OF WLS INClUDING GEOLOGY i METEOROLOGYI
C ACh:_: G~ tC AI 4IS'il.~ hG 7UP2 SUCH : ICS-OEVREARYTION
* EAQ-Ai% ST A A T T AO R ARE cR THS.
a 7. AE' X7T VISED C7-S7A LS Y>; i TO STE CORrHEmBE: E
IS 7 DI 1NG A C o-Ot) R ATV E ET T TC) UNCDERSTAND 2. ETTER
7, zz ' J T T~' lr: FFORT SA : ED
7 r, .1 E OF ( JAL E3NEFIT; -S AA % JTCC'-E WA'ES HOULD EOTH
C 7 -u N.. 15, WAY ON A c-c: PERT: VETUE INU
cfl NN 7EE ARI:: C1' TA C~ A; T v7: t C; IQ* TLTS
UEEU; I N 7 3 A A lErT[ USEASE. œ V~-AA47 Ox TO HElTH, AUSTRAlIA
CAL: 7OP. R AT r 1T CINA INt FILDrS RA , Ki F. O, RNUTITION TO
Ah7 MLREOUM! I A RE; SE:. AC' R. C 0 SPOTS, M EDICIE. MANY
C'-' A: CT WzR ;' NEASN D OFFIC IAS HAVE VIS: TE7F AUSTRALIA I N
OCCx 1 TTIO) S STUDY RAL H EALT H CAP> HOSPITAL nANAEMNT,
3 C
uu2P REAPI G( uAu-3 F( Rz A N : 9 1N LUE
AC:-ERRA7T OF C GAGS ix THE ARTS " DqRAr A, DAXCE, MUSIC
GsT MOII L T'AAN ALS'TE iuR S?' CVS,. O7X-NwQ ATOuETIS EALLTNG
AnLTS C A L-I-Z 1: L N G
C7 jA ID
: E7 ND> P T U ETAXCOU. DS AI . N A CC MtON
; UtANITY TAH ON ATT TXXC-PC2RET F7Kt' AND F" YCI CAt
7' 7 0-LRE AN A TN CflflIZ
p 71I .1 / A> USN' 7 UC,
c ' TN'TC9Uz >, m COOPRMO'AN UTUAL EXC;>; A\% CE TH 7U-O5 EST SENSE. -I
WOlR K WE ARE DI NG TOGETH ER : 7 FcstJO ' c 7R -v:) SHPI P A ND O PPOR TU NI TY.
I T WI1LL I N TUJRN C REATE MO RE F R: TEN DSU27--AND4 OPE UPMR OPPORTUNITY
FuR US BOTH IN THE FUTURE.
To HAVE SUCH A RELATIONSH IP IS NO SM~ ALL THINGIN OL
WI C H IS OFTE7 7N ANT AGONISTICt RELAT IONSHIPS OF W#% ARMTH AND UNDERSœ
AN D ING AP. T 0 12CR I. Z ED. IN A WO. L) WH-ERE-_ THERE IS OFTEN
SUJSPICION) i: 7N COUNTRY ' 3Y ANOT'HERi FRANKNESS AND TRUST ARE
VAA C rOD-1I 1ES. IN A O. iu3 WHENDM ANY _ EOPLE SEE ONLY PROeLEMS
1/ 9 9 r
a -0 .5 i1., 1 84

9
AND DIFFICULTIES, SOURCES OF OPTIMISM ARE TO: LE VALUED. I HAVE
F:, UD ALL THESE THINCS WARMTH, UNDERSTANDINC] FRANKNESSt TRUST
A; iD OPTIMISM IN TIHC nEMRABLE VISIT TO CL-INA, AS I KNEW I WOULD.
THEY ARE THE C: iARCTESTC-CS NOT ONLY OF THE FERSONAL CONTACTS
I hAVE HAD WiTH CH: N: SE LEADERS 2UT OF THE RELATION\ S BETWEEN
OUR TW4O NATIONS AND OUR TWO PEOPLES. WE CAN THEREORE LOOK FORWARD
CI: CTLY TO A LAST 1NG R ATIN HrP OF rEAA-UTUAL BENEFI TMe
C C:; E A i\ EXTEND ( AR) ARS D T TO OTHER AS WELL.
hHT~ ADY YENAE-" TO CO -r ERATION I G-V
YOU:: h; Y > iji\ Uh. C ANE LL L U T-E YEARS AHEAD, I
C r-7o 7hD Lc-t Y~ c: N7 I N UI C 7: T THI. S GREAT
\ rr ( 3

Transcript 6927